Northwest Kansas Groundwater Management District No. 4                                                                                                Site hosted by: Casey Designs


Acronyms(Alphabetical)    ::    Definitions(Alphabetical)    ::    Anagrams (Alphbetical)


AF (Acft): Acrefoot
AG: Attorney General, State of Kansas
AWEP: Agricultural Water Enhancement Program
BAC: Basin Advisory Committee
CWA: Clean Water Act - Federal Law
DASC: Data Access and Support Center
DISC: Division of Information Systems and Communications
DWR: Division of Water Resources, KS Department of Agriculture
EPA: United States Environmental Protection Agency
EQIP: Environmental Quality Incentive Program, part of the 2002 Farm Bill
ET: Evapotranspiration
GIR: Gross Irrigation Requirement
GIS: Geographic Information System
GMD: Groundwater Management District
GMDA: Groundwater Management Districts Association
GPS: Global Positioning System
HHW: Household Hazardous Waste
HPA High Priority Area
IGUCA: Intensive Groundwater Use Control Area
KAR: Kansas Administrative Regulation
KARL: Kansas Agricultural Leadership Program
KCC: Kansas Corporation Commission
KDHE: Kansas Department of Health & Environment
KDWP: Kansas Department of Wildlife & Parks
KELP: Kansas Environmental Leadership Program
KGMDA: Kansas Groundwater Management Districts Association
KGS: Kansas Geological Survey
KGWA: Kansas Ground Water Association
KNRC: Kansas Natural Resource Council
KORA: Kansas Open Records Act
KRC: Kansas Rural Center
KSA: Kansas Statutes Annotated
KWA: Kansas Water Authority
KWO: Kansas Water Office
LEPG: Local Environmental Protection/Planning Group
LEPP: Local Environmental Protection Program
LUST: Leaking Underground Storage Tank
MDS: Minimum Desirable Streamflow
mg/l: Milligrams per liter (Approximately = to ppm)
MOA: Memorandum of Agreement
MOU: Memorandum of Understanding
NIR: Net Irrigation Requirement
NPDES: National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System
NWRA: National Water Resources Association
p/d: Authorized point of diversion (also pt/div)
p/u: Authorized place of use (also pl/use)
ppb: parts per billion
ppm: parts per million
ppt: parts per trillion
RDP: Resource/Irrigation Development Plan (Also called IDP)
SCC: State Conservation Commission
SDWA: Safe Drinking Water Act
SWP: State Water Plan
TOPO: Topographic Map (Also called "TOPOG")
Ug/l: Micrograms per liter (approximately = to ppb)
URBAC: Upper Republican Basin Advisory Committee
UIC: Underground Injection Control
USGS: United States Geological Survey
UST: Underground Storage Tank
VOC: Volatile Organic Chemical
WRCP: Water Rights Conservation Program
WUR: Water Use Report


Acre-Foot: The volume of water necessary to cover one acre of land to a depth of one foot, or 325,851 gallons.

Agricultural Wetland: The United States Natural Resources Conservation Service uses the official definition from the Food Security Act which includes the following three elements: 1) a predominance of hydric soil; 2) inundated or saturated by surface water or ground water at a frequency or duration sufficient to support a prevalence of hydrophytic vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions, and under normal circumstances do support a prevalence of hydrophytic vegetation.

Alluvium: Sediments deposited by flowing rivers. In practice, the geologically newer riverbed deposits (and often the terrace deposits along rivers) are classified as alluvial aquifers. Alluvial aquifers are directly connected to the river flows and in pre-development conditions supply the river base flows. These aquifers are closely enough associated with the river that ones hydrology affects the other.

Aquifer: Rock or sediment in a formation, group of formations, or part of a formation that is saturated and sufficiently permeable to transmit economic quantities of water to wells and springs.

Basin Advisory Committee (BAC): Appointed members within each major river basin in Kansas which provide local input into the water planning process.

Basic Data: Basic or primary data is that data acquired by direct observation or measurement.

Best Management Practices (BMP): Non-regulatory practices identified to achieve a specified goal. For example, land leveling to established criteria and residual crop residue equal or more than established rates would be considered BMPs for irrigation water management.

Database: In the context of the Kansas Geographic Information System Initiative, a database is a collection of geographically referenced information on a topic (eg. water bodies, soil series) that is stored electronically and can be used with geographic information system computer software.

Designated Use: The use or uses that a specific body of water can support. These include agricultural, water supply, recreation, aquatic life support, and others.

Ecosystem: The root work “Ecology,” refers to the inter-relationship between organisms and their environment. An ecosystem refers to the complex of a biological community and its environment functioning as a unit in nature.

Evapotranspiration: The quantity of water transpired by plants during their growth or retained in the plant tissue, plus the moisture evaporated from the vegetative and soil surfaces.

Gaining Stream: A stream or stream segment that is receiving groundwater baseflow from a hydrologically associated aquifer.

Gross Irrigation Requirement (GIR): Total amount of irrigation water required for a given crop considering ET, effective precipitation, and system irrigation efficiency.

Geographic Information System (GIS): Computer software that allows numerous data layers to be viewed, manipulated and mapped simultaneously.

Groundwater Management District (GMD): Local units of government in Kansas authorized by state law to manage groundwater so long as the activities are not inconsistent with state law. There are currently 5 operating districts.

Kansas Agricultural Leadership Program (KARL): A state program to foster leadership abilities in agricultural issues.

Kansas Association for Conservation and Environmental Education: (KACEE): Formed as an outreach of the Kansas Association of Conservation Districts, it serves as a co-sponsor of Project WET (Water Education for Teachers). The Kansas Water Office contracts with KACEE to implement Project WET.

Kansas Center for Agricultural Resources and the Environment (KCARE): Based at Kansas State University, Manhattan, KCARE provides the building blocks to identify relevant and fundable research areas, and establish interdisciplinary working relationships between Kansas State University and organizations outside of Kansas State University related to agriculture and the environment.

Kansas Environmental Leadership Program (KELP): An adult environmental education and leadership program that allows participants to learn by doing.

Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE): State Agency responsible for health and environmental issues and concerns. KDHE handles many water quality programs in Kansas.

Kansas Natural Resources Council (KNRC): A private, non-profit group primarily supporting small farms and farmers, sustainable agriculture, environmentally sound farming practices, etc.

Kansas Rural Center (KRC): A private, non-profit group supporting sustainable Ag, diversified farms and farming, and environmentally sound farming practices.

Kansas Water Authority (KWA): Appointed authority representing all water users across the state which oversees the state water planning process. Governor appoints most of the voting members and the chair. State agency directors are ex-officio members.

Kansas Water Office (KWO): State agency responsible for water planning in Kansas.

Kansas Water Plan: One of the important products of the KWO and KWA process. The state water plan serves as a guide to all water regulatory entities in the state.

Local Environmental Protection Program (LEPP): The NW Kansas group organized to implement the LEPP. Consists of 16 NW Kansas Counties. A program under KDHE for counties or groups of counties to develop comprehensive environmental codes made up of 6 elements or codes: sanitary code; public water supply protection; new subdivision wastewater; solid waste; non-point pollution; and hazardous waste.

Losing Stream: A stream or stream segment that is providing surface water recharge to an associated groundwater aquifer.

Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL): The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are enforceable standards.

Minimum Desirable Streamflow (MDS): The amount of flow to be met to benefit instream uses relative to water quality, fish, wildlife, aquatic life, recreation and aesthetics. An MDS is specific to a river stretch and varies by month.

Net Irrigation Requirement (NIR): The net amount of water required for irrigation of a given crop which is ET minus effective precipitation. This value does not account for system irrigation efficiency.

Nonpoint Source Pollution (NPS): Contamination that is likely to create a nuisance or render water harmful. It occurs when water runs over land or through ground, and picks up pollutants. Any source that does not have a permit is considered a nonpoint source.

Nonstructural: May include legislative and political methods such as floodplain regulation and zoning. It also may refer to use of riparian restoration on wetland restoration and bioengineering.

National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES): A program that requires a Federal permit issued through KDHE to regulate potential pollutant point sources such as lagoons at industrial, municipal and agricultural facilities.

Restored Wetland: An attempt to repair and put back in as close to original condition as possible either an existing wetland that has been damaged by the activities of man, yet is still functioning somewhat as a wetland, or a previously existing wetland site that has been converted. Such restorations would concentrate on identified high priority wetlands of environmental significance and be accomplished on a voluntary, incentive based basis.

Riparian: Streamside and floodplain areas where the vegetation, soils, or topography are distinguishable from that on adjoining uplands. This area is often referred to as the stream corridor.

Safe Yield: The annual quantity of water that can be withdrawn from a defined water source that is limited to the average, cyclic amount of natural replenishment of that source. Replenishment of ground water is recharge and replenishment of surface water is a combination of runoff and ground water discharge to streamflow.

Structural: Generally refers to dams, concrete and culverts.

Sustainable Yield Management: A goal that sets water management criteria for the development and use of water within a defined hydrologic system to ensure long term trends in water use lead to stable ground water levels and streamflow patterns. It would allow for reasonable short term water level or flow variation that would not exceed a system’s natural ability to recover during wet periods, and protect against degradation of the environment within that system.

Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL): The maximum amount of a pollutant that a specific body of water can receive without violating water quality standards.

Water Rights Conservation Program (WRCP): Former program developed by DWR that allowed active water rights to be set aside for a period of from 5-10 years, provided the area was closed to new rights and some other considerations. This program was eliminated by DWR on December 31, 2009.


(ANAGRAMS are words, phrases or writings that have related or otherwise interesting meanings when the letters are completely rearranged)

2 Phreatophytes = They H2o tappers
artesian well = arisen all wet
artificial recharge = a fair circle, I gather?
bottled water = bold, wet treat  ||  drew to battle
California water = canal ratifier, ow!  ||  I await conferral  ||  in coital warfare  ||  law area - friction
capillary fringe = a panegyric frill
cellulosic ethanol = coalescent hull oil  ||  unties cell alcohol  ||  unclothes a cell oil
chemigation = the magic ion
Clean Water Act = enact law - react
climate change = chemical agent?  ||  magnate cliche  ||  a melting cache
Colorado River = cool river road
Condensation = decants no ion
Contamination = action on it, man!
Denver Water = water vender     And their motto might be: "We're verdant"
desalination = it's an ion deal  ||  data is online
dewater = water Ed
divination (dowsing) = I nod it vain
drainage basin = I snag rain bead  ||  a debris angina
eutrophications = I trace pooh units  ||  unites to chop air  ||  oh, our epic taints!
Great Lakes water = reeks a law target
groundwater = our grand wet  ||  dug terra now
groundwaters = God's water urn
groundwater law = lunge toward war  ||  wager war untold
groundwater well = narrow dew gullet
horizontal drilling = Rad oil zoning thrill
hydraulic fracking = acrid chalking fury
hydrologist = do thy log, sir  ||  holds rig toy
hydroseism = my dish rose
infiltration = initial front
Kansas groundwater = ask a dowser an' grunt  ||  unrest now, dark saga
Lake Mead water = a wet-keel drama  ||  a wet, deal-maker
Living Waters = riveting laws  ||  vintage swirl  ||  wavering list
losing stream = tinges morals  ||  omits anglers
managed water = men wager data
Marcellus Shale = Shell cues alarm?  ||  Search. Maul. Sell.
natural recharge = eager rural chant
Nebraska water = We reran a KS tab  ||  KS rant, be aware!
Nebraska waters = Kansas tab? We err
Ogallala Aquifer = legal lair of aqua  ||  Lo, aqua fall, I rage
peripheral canal = RE: all panache! RIP  ||  Help! Can repair LA
point of diversion = devine profit soon
potable water = brew to palate
reverse osmosis = o', severs isomers
Rio Grande = arid goner?  ||  dire groan?
riparian doctrine = periodic rain rant  ||  rid, or pain certain
Rule of Capture = Rueful "pore" Act
Salton Sea = a neat loss
save water now = savor wet anew
static water level = vacillate erst wet  ||  reactive well stat  ||  wet, vertical tales
sustainable water = banal, tease-us writ  ||  unwise arable stat
Tepidarium = a demur tipi  ||  I'm due a trip?
Tree Rings' Tale = ringlet teaser  ||  regal tenet, sir   (Book by John Fleck)
tuberculation (sediment build-up in waterlines) = tubular notice
Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea = huge water tale stuns. End had you tense.
Use it or lose it = Tis otiose rule
watershed = earth's dew  ||  draws thee  ||  deer swath  ||  shared wet
water diversion = wet ions arrived  ||  river town ideas  ||  detains river, ow!
water level decline = evidence well alert
water management = get armament anew  ||  men tweet anagram (this'd be me!)
water markets = wet, tsar maker  ||  marks wet rate
water policy = lawyer topic  ||  wiry ole pact  ||  lo, wet piracy  ||  try, wail, cope
water politics = capitols write  ||  coital stew - RIP!
water rationing = wager it not rain
water resource = wet our careers
water wheel = wealth ewer